Why School Buses Are Yellow

Consider the school bus. It could be painted literally any color: pink, bright green, orange, or even zebra-print. I like zebra print! So, why pick yellow? Is it because it’s a cheerful hue that makes kids happy to go to school? See the kid’s faces? I don’t think so. The main reason for picking yellow paint for school buses is… safety! But first, let;s figure out whether yellow school buses in the US are indeed that – yellow.

school bus
school bus

If you look at the color closely, you’ll notice that instead of being pure yellow, it’s a totally different shade! I would say that it’s a curious mixture of lemon-yellow and orange, which reminds me of…a very ripe mango? (Sorry, I’m hungry!) In any case, if you want to be extra precise, you should politely refer to the color of American and Canadian school buses as National School Bus Glossy Yellow. But wait! What about the scientifically proved fact that red is the one with the maximum wavelength?

 Um, what I mean is that it doesn’t get scattered easily, and that’s why you can clearly see it from afar! On top of that, most people associate this color with caution. So, why not paint school buses red? well, despite all the scientific stuff, it’s not red, but yellow, which is the color that instantly grabs your attention in daily life. In other words, for some inexplicable reasons, yellow is the most visible color. On top of that, it has a kind of illuminating nature, which makes it stand out in the darkness, fog, or dim light. Now, lots of school buses must transport children to school early in the morning. Depending on the season, it;s often still dark outside at this time. That’s why it makes sense to use yellow paint, which will make buses more noticeable on the road. What’s more, the black lettering on the yellow background is a perfect color combination.

It immediately alerts drivers that they’re approaching a school bus during twilight hours. And finally, there’s one more crucial reason for this specific school bus color choice. You’ve probably heard of peripheral vision? That’s when you see something out of the corner of your eye, without looking directly at it. So, scientists state that you’re 1.24 times more likely to spot a yellow object with your peripheral vision than the same object painted red! These are the reasons why you can;t legally have a non-yellow school bus in the US these days

.But it wasn’t always like this! The National School Bus Glossy Yellow color didn’t appear until 1939; before that, school buses were painted all kinds of colors. And before there were buses, kids were taken to school in special wagons drawn by horses. That sounds like fun – let’s bring that back! Curiously, the very first so-called school bus appeared in London in 1827, and it could carry 25 children. Anyway, returning to 1939 and the newly accepted bus shade, it was called National SchoolBus Chrome.

But there was something seriously wrong with this chrome color scheme: school bus chrome contained lead in its pigment. And this element was (and still is, for that matter) extremely dangerous for people, especially young children. That’s why it was soon replaced with the paint manufacturers still use today. But let’s be honest here, if it wasn’t for safety reasons, what color would you paint school buses? Write about your choice in the comment section below and tell me why!

But here’s another thing about school buses that might seem confusing. Look, in all American states, as well as in most countries around the world, you must wear a seat belt when you;re in the car. And it doesn’t matter whether you’re a driver or a passenger. Plus, babies, toddlers, and young children have to stay in special car seats, fastened with seat belts. This way, if you get in a car accident while wearing a seat belt, it could save your life, or keep injuries to a minimum! Then why on Earth are;t school buses equipped with seat belts? However paradoxical it may sound, seat belts simply won’t make school buses safer! The thing is that traveling on a school bus is 40 times safer than going somewhere by car. Some experts even go as far as to say that school buses are the safest type of transport ever! How come? It;s all thanks to compartmentalization! Yeah, that’s a big word. What I mean is that the seats on a school bus are situated close to each other, and they have high padded backs. As a result, if an accident does happen, and a student gets propelled forward, they’ll only move a short distance. And the seatback in front of them will also kinda play the role of an airbag. Plus, on school buses, people sit high over the ground, which only adds to the overall safety. If another vehicle collides with a school bus, all the impact will occur under the seats.

But I would be lying if I didn;t mention another, more practical reason for the lack of seatbelts on school buses.Money.M-O-N-E-Y.Moolah.Adding seat belts would increase the cost of each bus by $8,000 to $15,000! Plus, buses would have fewer seats because seat belts would take additional space. As a result, schools would have to increase the fleet of their buses by approximately15%. However, a bigger number of vehicles would still carry the same number of kids! And here’s where it would start to get out of control: the changes would mean more gas, more drivers, and more CO2 emissions!Uh-oh!Anyway, these days, the scheme is the following. If a school bus weighs more than 10,000 pounds, it;s   up to the states to decide whether the vehicles need to be equipped with seat belts or not. Today, only six states make schools equip their buses with seat belts, and they areFlorida, California, New Jersey, Texas, New York, and Louisiana. But if a school bus is lighter than 10,000 pounds, it has to be equipped with seat belts in any state.

school bus
school bus

By the way, the other day, I was driving behind a school bus and noticed something I’d never seen before. Under the belly of the bus, there were some chains hanging, and even slightly dragging, over the ground. Of course, as soon as I returned home, I started a full-on google search. And I;ve found out that not all school buses have these chains, because, honestly, you won’t need them in, let’s say, California. The thing is that the chains help school buses get traction on icy roads. The chains are linked to the suspension system of the bus. If the driver realizes that they can’t cope without some additional help, they can just press a button on the dashboard. It releases tiny rubber chain wheels which are located next to the bus’s back tires. Then, when the bus accelerates, these chain wheels spin and throw the chain links under the tires. Voila! Slowly but surely, the bus is going forward again! At the same time, when the bus isn’t moving or is slowing down, the driver can retract the chains.

Also, have you ever seen a school bus with a black hood and wondered why it wasn;t the same yellow as the body? The thing is that when the sun is too bright, the glossy, bright yellow paint covering the hood of the bus starts to give off too much glare. As a result, it makes it hard for the driver to see their surroundings, and distracts them from the situation on the road. That’s when the flat black painted hood comes into play. It significantly cuts down on the glare and allows the driver to see clearly. And while some states make school bus manufacturers equip vehicles with black hoods, others forbid it. In this case, they get covered with an anti-glare substance. After that, the hood remains yellow, but the shade gets called lusterless yellow. And finally, to quote the rock band the Who: “every day I get in the queue, to get on the bus that takes me to you…too much, Magic Bus.


14 books every students must read.

I am going to tell you 14 books every student must read. I believe that If I had already read these books, then there would not have been much trouble in my life. The recommended book is written by best authors of the century and if anyone read this book 8 time it will change your life completely.

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14 books every student must read

If you leave 300 or 400 things whatever things you will learn from this 14 books, time will teach you but the methodology used by time to teach is very worst. It is the first thing and thre second things is there are three types of books. The most of books are first type 99% and this types of books and best for heating hand. Second type of books are less they are useful but not more There is only method to read this types of books is you should read the summary of the book And third types of book it is least i.e. 0.001% and this are the books you should read again and again.

Now this third type of book, if you read this books one time its means you haven’t read it, you should read 8 times any book or a best book this makes the book will fall into your blood then you don’t have to think your thinking will turn like that book.

Forth thing is that in lifetime you must have interview once in lifetime and in interview they ask four things first introduction second hobbies third your strength and fourth your weaknesses and commonly happens when interviewer ask what is your hobbies ? then most of candidates tell two things first thing is listing to music and second is reading books then interviewer asks which types of books you have read ? and most of candidates cant able to tell more than two three and four book because most of candidates not read any things which is not related to their course, then interviewer says to dear, you read total four books and you told me your hobby is reading, even you can’t use to listen music. one more things is the students who read books which is not related to course that books mostly possible that it will be a story book or comics.

listen whenever there is interview you should not tell story books or novels. you have to tell only those books which makes sense to the interviewer that this person is doing hard work to to improve himself. but on the other side you have to understand that you don’t have to tell “you can win” because most of people read that book or not even read then also they take the name of that book therefore if you have read this book don’t mention it.

whenever you will be asked about your hobby in interview you should tell reading and they they ask what you read then, if you mention this 14 books then you can create a good impression. if you read all this 14 books 8 times then you can demand for a good package. understand one thing also that the benefits of reading this books if you read any book in future you will understand after 4 to 5 pages where you should have to read this book or not.

you have to take care of two things first thing is that free PDF is available for all this 14 books but should’t read with PDF you should recommended to read with hard copy and the second thing is that these are one of best books there they are translated in every languages but you have to read this books in English.

after reading this books 8 times your vocabulary you fluency to speak English will be great so, 14 books must read every student so, let start.

1. How to win friends and influence people

how to win friends and influence people
photo credit to amazon.com

This book is written by Dale Carnegie. It is one of the best books, Dale Carnegie has discussed seven fundamental techniques with the help of this you can impress the people you will learn six methods if you follow, people will start liking you and you also learn twelve techniques with help of this you can influence people and w’ll learn seven techniques if you follow people will accept you as a leader. it is very good book therefore it very essential you should read this book very first.

2. Think and Grow Rich

think grow and rich by napoleon hill
think grow and rich

This book is written by Napoleon Hill. It takes 20 years to write this book. Napoleon Hill met 500 people who are very successful like henryford, editon, alexander grahmabel, george eastmen and asked them which strategy and principle you followed for your success and based on that interviews Napoleon Hill made 13 principles. If anyone follow this 13 principle that person will success. every self development and motivational and inspirational books available in market they talk about same 13 principle.

If you read this book then you should trick right on the self development, motivational and inspirational book. Napoleon Hill also mentioned 30 reason why any person become unsuccessful and very interesting thing that Napoleon Hill mention 6 step formula if you follow whatever money you want’s to earn in life you will.

3. Laws of Success

 Laws of Success
The laws of success

This book is also written by Napoleon Hill. Napoleon Hill was the teacher of all motivational and inspirational writers but the teacher of Napoleon Hill was Andrew Carnegie he was an businessman. he said to Napoleon Hill you have only written the book how the people will become rich, you haven’t written by life, family and relationship then Sir Napoleon Hill written the Laws of Success his ideology was to teach this book to schools.

In this Book written says Only Positive attitude is not enough you should have to do hard work with right strategy to be successful in life and also understand that those authors says to keep positive attitude they becomes more famous because people think that only keep positive attitude you will achieve everything in life, you think itself only positive attitude makes you to clear IAS exam, only with positive attitude you don’t even clear SSC exam.

I explain you with an example, once a man falling from a building when he reaches to 6th floor one man asked, how are you ? he replied i am okay till now. This example doesn’t mean that the man falling from the building had positive attitude but he as brainless.

4. The 7 Habits of Highly Effective Teens

The 7 Habits of Highly Effective Teens
The 7 Habits of Highly Effective Teens

The 7 habits of highly effective teens is written by Sean Covey but, the original book is the 7 habits of highly effective people written by Stephen R. Covey but that was an Phd. an research therefore it was written in that language therefore it hard to read therefore you should read 7 habits of highly effective teens because it is in easy language. In this book you will find lots of examples anyone can understand it easily. one more benefit of this book is you will easily understand how to apply the principle taught in this book in your life

5. As a Man Thinketh

 As a Man Thinketh
As a Man Thinketh

This book is written by James Allen. The principle of this book is the a human being is gardener and his mind is garden. If we don’t take care of gadern and if we can saw best seeds weeds will grow automatically. In this book he told how we can regulate our thoughts. He taught the methods so positive thoughts can come but negative can’t and he has given a very practical solution. You will exactly understand what is the meaning of positive attitude.

6. See You at the Top

See You at the Top
See you at the top

This book is written by zig ziglar. The best thing about this book is that zig ziglar has given step step method, first do this, then this, then you will be ultimately successful. The book also teaches us to how to leave bad habits and how to get good habits. If you are in first year it the best time to read this book.

7. Rich Dad and Poor Dad

Rich Dad and Poor Dad
Rich dad poor dad

This book is written by Robert Kiyosaki. After reading this book you will understand why rich people become more rich and poor people become more poor and you will also understand that you should do any work not for earnings money but you should do to learn. Third thing you will understand how to use your money effectively.

8. Chicken Soup for the Soul (series)

Chicken Soup for the Soul (series)
Chicken soup for the soul series

This book is complied by Jack canfield and mark hansen. This series contains total 240 books. You can check the list on Wikipedia. In this book many short stories is the best thing about this book. If you are a student you can read chicken soup for students soul and if you are a teenager then you should read chicken soup for teenagers soul and if you are a teacher then you should read chicken soul for a teachers soul. This book is very easy to read it only take 10 minutes to read one story. since, it is written by common people it is easy to read. It is written in calocual English. For your knowledge In china for teaching English language they use chicken soup for the soul series because learn process becomes fast. they don’t teach English literature.

9. The 80/20 Principle

The 80/20 Principle
The 80/20 principle

This book is written by Richard Koch. In whole world take anything you will there will be 80/20 principle. If you see 20% people has 80% wealth and 20% people has 80% wealth. In question paper 80% questions are from 20% syllabus and 20% questions are come from 80% syllabus. If you take any exam there is 80% candidate has 20% chances for selection and 20% candidates has 80% selection chances. If you want to learn 80% English learn 20% English in that you should learn modals and prepositions. After reading this book you learn which 20% things has 80% output therefore you should give 80% focus to that 20% things. You will don’t have lack of time in future after reading this book.

10. How to get from where you are, to where you wants to be

How to get from where you are, to where you wants to be
How to get from where you are, to where you wants to be

This book is written by Jack canfield. After reading this book you have one loss and one benefit. The loss is that after this book what things i don’t know it earlier and benefit is that you questions yourself i know all this why i don’t done this yet

11. The power of less

the power  of less
The power of less

This book is written by Leo Babauta. You productivity will be maximum after reading this book very practical method is used to teach you how you can maximum utilise your money and time. If you got your first salary this is the best time to read this book.

12. Brain rules

brain rules
Brain rules

This book is written by John Medina. After reading this book you will understand how you brain works you will also come to know how much excercise you should do how how much you should sleep. How to handle stress and how to concentrate and many others things you will learn in this book

13. 48 Laws of POWER

48 laws of power
48 laws of POWER

This book is written by Robert Greene. After reading this book you have knowledge about worldliness. In world 80% people are very good they help every possible time but 20% people are bad they will harm you they always practice even they don’t have any profit. The biggest problem is that you can’t able to find/predict this types of person and we came to know this types of people when they already harmed us. To handle this types of people you should read this book follow every law. Many examples given in this book and the language used in this book is very hard.

14. Mastery

mastery
Mastery

This book is also written by Robert Greene. After reading this book you come to know your potential. After that what to do and how to do is given by 6 principles. If you follow all 6 principles word by words whatever you want to achieve in your life you will achieve. Many examples in this book. It is very motivating book and the English used is easy but vocabulary is difficult. You should read it very last.

This are the 14 books must read every student I hope you will read this books. You will read it 8 times in a given order. You have given you precious time thank you so much.

I recommended this books from one of the great teacher. follow him on YouTube
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